It is often not realised how valuable moisturisers are for our skin health and helping us age better. This blog gives a brief overview of moisturisers and why they should be a key part of your daily skin care routine.
What is a moisturiser?
The English dictionary describes a moisturiser as ‘a cosmetic preparation used to prevent dryness in the skin’. Moisturisers are basically a group of ingredients that add water to the outer layer of skin when applied.
What do moisturisers do?
The goal of a moisturiser is to increase the water content of the top layer of skin known as the stratum corneum. When we lack water in the skin we get what is known as ‘dry skin’. This becomes more common as we age because our protective skin barriers break down allowing additional water loss and preventing our skin from holding onto water effectively.
How Moisturisers work
Moisturising ingredients act in different ways:
- Occlusives coat the stratum corneum (top layer of skin) to slow down water loss from the skin into the atmosphere.
- Humectants attract water from both the deeper layers of skin and the atmosphere to hydrate the skin.
- Emollients smooth and soften the skin.
A combination of these ingredients within a moisturiser will give the best results.
Do they have side effects?
Although moisturisers are usually safe, a common side effect is contact dermatitis. The main substances and ingredients that can cause contact dermatitis are preservatives (Kathon CG), sunscreens, fragrances, perfumes, Vitamin E, propylene glycol and solubilisers.
Should I be using a moisturiser?
Only if you want to age well! It’s like dentists say, “Only floss the teeth you want to keep”.
A study in 2010 found that skin hydrated with a daily moisturiser aged less over an eight-year period than skin not hydrated in any way.
Prevention is better than cure, do something today that your future skin will thank you for.
If you would like to chat in more detail about moisturisers in general or specific product advice, please contact me for a FREE consultation using the form below.